Sports Cardiology services available at St Vincent’s Heart Centre include:
- ECG, a simple test which looks at the electrical conduction pathways around the heart and can often diagnose an underlying heart muscle or heart rhythm abnormality.
- Ambulatory ECG (Holter) monitoring, where the heart rhythm is measured continuously for a 24 or 48 hour period to identify abnormal heart rhythms.
- Exercise stress testing, a test which examines heart rhythm during treadmill exercise and may help to identify heart artery disease.
- Cardiopulmonary exercise stress test, a more complex test that looks at how the heart, lungs and muscles react to exercise performed with a stationary bicycle or whilst walking on a treadmill. This test measures how much air is breathed, how much oxygen is needed and how fast and efficiently the heart beats during exercise.
- Echocardiogram, a detailed assessment of the structure and function of the heart using ultrasound. It allows for precise measurement of heart chamber size, assessment of heart valves and adjacent blood vessels. This test is usually reserved for athletes with an abnormal ECG, concerning symptoms, or positive family history. However, some professional sporting organisations, such as the UCI (International Cycling Union) include an echocardiogram as part of their yearly or 2nd yearly medical for all athletes.
- Stress echocardiogram, where cardiac ultrasound and exercise stress are combined to detect abnormalities of heart function during exercise.
- Clinical cardiovascular examination and review of athletes with symptoms and/or abnormal screening investigation findings by an experienced cardiologist.